HOW 2 MAKE/ CRE8
CANDYCANE CHRISTMAS ORNAMENTS 4″
Use 1/4 of the 2″x2″ bar
Roll 1 red & 1 white
Twist/roll on counter/together
Cut in 3rds, create into canes
Makes 3 – 4″ candy canes
TIPS TRICKS TECHNIQUES
BAKE – 225 OVEN FOR 7 – 15 MIN. Based on clays thickness.
You can bake hotter but clay may discolor – but will bake faster. Bake on tin foil.
Ovens vary n temperature slighly
Lower temperature is safer
You can re-cook/bake clay
Longer = cook/harder
Red clay cooks hotter
If it starts smelling burnt take it out/remove from oven before it starts to brown/discolor
Bake ’till makes a ‘klink” noise
when cooled & dropped gently on glass surface – don’t break it!
Can re-bake if to soft.
Discoloration or brown/ black coloration is over-baked clay
Too thin or thick clay bakes uneven & at different durations
Baked polymer clay is not hard like a rock
CLAY RULES BASICS
For polymer v/s firing clay
Many of the same rules apply
tips tricks techniques
AIR BUBBLES ideas to extract air bubble.
Try not to open the clay up to air bubbles in the first place.
Push same direction/put in pin holes to vent out air bubbles/dig out extra clay.
If you still end up with a bubble after baking, press hard & hold the clay, in the prefered shape, with a hard object, until it cools – can help.
BAKE varies on color & thickness. Bake on like tin foil
Red bakes faster & burns easier
Polymer, you can rebake
Better safe then sorry – low temperature – longer.
A piece 1/4″ thick and 4″ long is about 8-10 min @ 225 f. OR THICK CLAY 15-20 MIN just depends how hard you want the clay – if its too hard will break easier.
CLEAN SURFACE COUNTER
Use a clean counter to lay out out clay. Clay will stick, so check it on surface first. I keep wiping surface and press with baby wipes to keep it clean and non sticky.
PASTA/CLAY/ FONDANT PRESS
I use a press to run the clay through for consistent size, mine at a 7 setting, and a bit larger for flat, intricate pieces – so I ofen double up clay layers.
Colors liked red will slough off into other colors like white. Colors like red will even rub stain off on your hands.So always work light colors to darker colors.
CLAY TECHNIQUES PRESERVE LIKE TIEDIE, PATTERNED, STRIPED, ECT If you get a great pattern, to make it last longer, I run it through the press, thin it out, and use it like a veneer on top of just a plain base piece cover it, like a
Unlike earth clays, polymer can often be reactivated by rolling the dry clay in your hands.
PLASTICS n POLYMER
I would not set polymer clay on plastic surface types, or touching other clay.
Polymers will react chemically with other plastics, in a negative way for the artist.
THICKNESS TOO THIN OR THICK
If the clay is too thin or thick, it may not bake properly or be too brittle and break.
WEDGING SAME DIRECTION
Push clay with palm of hand, same direction in order to reduce and/or push out air bubbles.
WARM CLAY SLIGHTLY/EVEN
Have warms hands to warm clay
Roll clay in hands untill it feels malleable. Hold in hands to warm up. Roll in hands to warm up, then stay with bar rectangle shape then transfer to counter.
COLOR ORDER LIGHT TO DARK
Always work with lightest colors first, like white and yellow.
Roll white first, red will slough color off in your hands & on to other colors
BASIC CLAY DEFINE
Slip is potter’s glue. The best time for pinch construction is moist, for stamping and modeling. Leather hard clay is for slab construction or carve. When clay is bone dry it is ready to be fired and not workable. Bisque is compleated ceramic that has been fired once.
Glaze ware has been glazed.